How to test with EquiSal Tapeworm

How to test with EquiSal Tapeworm

Initial testing

We recommend that a horse has not been wormed for 4 months before testing with the EquiSal Tapeworm Test. 

Frequency of testing

We recommend that you test your horse twice a year for tapeworm.

The best time to test is during late winter/early spring and autumn/early winter, as these are considered to be the ideal times of year to worm for tapeworm. Only worm your horse if testing recommends that treatment is required.

Remember to carry out faecal egg counts to detect other worms (such as redworm and roundworm) and worm accordingly.

A complete worm control programme should include a yearly winter worming dose to treat encysted redworm, until an encysted redworm test is available.

 

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Retesting after a borderline or moderate/high diagnosis

If a horse has had a previous borderline or moderate/high diagnosis, a retest can be carried out 2 -3 months after worming treatment for tapeworm. Our data shows that, in most cases, reduction in tapeworm-specific antibodies was seen within weeks following treatment.

How long after worming are tapeworm-specific antibodies present in saliva?

Austin Davis Biologics carried out a pilot trial during 2015 in which EquiSal Tapeworm testing was carried out on horses (with access to grazing) every two weeks following worming treatment for tapeworm. Data collected from this trial showed that, in most horses kept in well-managed paddocks, reduction in tapeworm-specific antibodies was seen within two to three weeks following treatment. 73% of horses had Saliva Scores which dropped to low within five weeks of worming for tapeworm. The remaining horses took a further six weeks to drop to low. This suggests that antibodies present in saliva have less memory of tapeworm infection than antibodies in blood.

It is important to understand that the situation is complicated if the horse becomes reinfected by tapeworm larvae after worming treatment. Tapeworm reinfection has been seen in horses kept in poorly managed paddocks where reinfection can obviously happen very easily. But, given that the tapeworm’s life cycle requires an intermediate host (an oribatid mite), even well managed paddocks containing horses with high tapeworm burdens could harbour infected oribatid mites within the grass. This means that there is still a reinfection risk after worming for horses grazing in these circumstances too.

Austin Davis Biologics is carrying out various trials to further research tapeworm burdens in horses, including a research project with the Royal Veterinary College to investigate the oribatid mite part of the horse tapeworm life cycle. This research is essential to fully understand and manage tapeworm burdens in horses.

In summary, it is important to carry out regular testing to ensure that worming strategies are effective and current data from EquiSal testing suggests that regular testing has an important part to play in monitoring effective worm control.

 

Please click here for the science behind antibody responses in saliva and blood.